During the 1911 excavation at Sakçagöze in Turkey, John Garstang employed a contraption described as ‘Mond’s Aerial Railway’, named after Robert Mond, one of the funders of the excavation.
At this date most of the expeditions carried out by the Liverpool Institute of Archaeology were funded by a number of external sponsors, many of whom sat upon the Institute’s Committees. The 1911 Sakçagöze excavation was funded by the newly formed Hittite Excavation Committee, which featured many prominent men of the day, including the chemical industrialist John Brunner, Assyriologist Archibald Sayce, and pharmaceutical entrepreneur Henry S Wellcome, (founder of the Wellcome Trust).
Robert Ludwig Mond, (1867-1938), chemist and archaeologist, was the treasurer of the Hittite Excavation Committee. As well as donating funds for the 1911 excavation, he also provided advice and assistance in the progress of work and in the details of equipment to be used. He suggested that Garstang should employ an aerial railway, an automated system of ropes and pulleys to move equipment, artefacts and soil around the site, during the excavation. The machine was designed and made for Garstang at cost by R White and Sons of Widnes.
Source: John Garstang (1913) ‘Second Interim Report on the Excavations at Sakje-Geuzi in north Syria, 1911’ Liverpool Annals of Archaeology and Anthropology, Vol. V, pp63-72.