This page is under construction and will be regularly updated, for published results please see our Bibliography

Analytical results for the Julio-Claudian period are available via the Archaeological Data Service (ADS) website here.
Manufacture and microstructure: a selection of photomicrographs.

Below is a dot-plot showing the finenesses (silver bullion content) of the denarius during the first century.  The coloured lines mark a 90%, 80% and 75% standard.

dot-plot of first century finenesses